Checklist for Authors
Does the introduction adequately:
- State the problem?
- Review the background to the study?
- State the aims?
- Is the introduction of reasonable length (two to four paragraphs)?
Materials and Methods
- Are ethical issues addressed?
- Are the subjects and method of recruitment detailed?
- Are inclusion or exclusion criteria adequately defined?
- Is the method of randomisation described?
- Are the study and control groups clearly described?
- Is the equipment adequately described?
- Are the study methods clear and appropriate?
- Has the sample size been justified?
- Are the statistical analyses suitable?
- Are study numbers stated and withdrawals accounted for?
- Are the results stated with adequate detail and clarity?
- Are the statistical analyses clearly presented?
- Are the figures and tables clear and appropriate descriptive legends included?
- Is repetition of results avoided?
- Does the initial section of the discussion relate to the main findings?
- Does the discussion add usefully to the paper?
- Does the discussion:
- fairly review previous work?
- adequately consider limitations of the study?
- draw logical conclusions?
- indicate areas requiring further study?
- Do the conclusions answer the aims of the study?
- Are the conclusions justified by the results of the study?
- Is the number of references reasonable?
- Are the references relevant and representative of a balanced view?
- Are important references omitted?
- Are the references formatted according to the “Instructions to Authors”?